PERIODONTOLOGY

Periodontology

Periodontology or periodontics is the specialty of dentistry that studies supporting structures of teeth, as well as diseases and conditions that affect them. The supporting tissues are known as the periodontium, which includes the gingiva (gums), alveolar bone, cementum, and the periodontal ligament.

Prevention of periodontitis good oral hygiene and regular dental checkups.

After the inflammatory disease has been triggered, as part of supportive periodontal therapy periodontists perform various types of surgical or non-surgical procedures. Sometimes, both procedures are used. 

With complete confidence contact Dr. Goran Jovičević for professional and comprehensive initial periodontal therapy, our periodontal specialist with 10 years experience and success in treating periodontitis.

Periodontitis

Periodontitis should be viewed as infectious diseases where bacteria are the primary etiologic factor of it. Due to insufficient education, poor oral hygiene, food debris, plaque and bacteria are unfortunately still considered the main cause of dental caries and changes of the visible part of the tooth. All of these factors impact the health of the gums and can lead to periodontal disease (GUM DISEASE / PERIODONTITIS). It's easy to overlook the early symptoms, for there is no severe pain or discomfort, so the inflammation progresses silently, the diagnosis is not made in a timely manner and the disease reaches the point where irreversible changes occur.

Signs and symptoms of periodontitis can include:

Health assessment is of great importance, so it is the first step before starting systematic periodontitis treatment. Taking a past medical history tells your doctor what health issues you may be at risk for when you undergo periodontal therapy or is there something that may affect therapy outcome.

Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy

The aim of initial periodontal therapy is to remove pathogenic microorganisms and their byproducts (e.g. calculus) from around affected teeth, in order to halt progression of disease. Gingivitis (soft tissue inflammation) and periodontitis (inflammation that causes the destruction of the tooth-supporting apparatus) are usually caused by bacterial germs, so the patient needs to undergo supression treatment. The procedure is performed with both manual instruments (so-called curettes) and sonic and ultrasonic scalers. Depending on the degree of progression, treatment is performed in multiple visits. Professional methods of dental plaque and tartar deposits removal are surface cleansing and deep cleansing of your teeth in and below the gum line. The procedure is completely painless, because mechanical cleaning beneath the gum line is performed under local anesthesia.

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